What are the health risks during pregnancy?
What we do know, is that radiation at the levels emitted by cell phones and wi-fi does have a biological impact. Numerous studies have shown that it impacts the approach cells grow, DNA replicates, and brain cells function. Because of this, health experts believe early childhood and pregnant women – are more vulnerable to cell phone and wireless radiation because their bodies and brains are still growing and developing and they absorb more radiation than adults.
We discuss some of these health concern and affects below.
A joint study conducted by Denmark and United States surveyed the mothers of over 13000 children who were aged seven between 2005 and 2006, they found that mothers who had used a mobile phone while they were pregnant were 54% more likely to have children with behavioural problems, such as hyperactivity and difficulties interacting with other children. ¹
In 2008, and Egyptian study also found that use of mobile phone during pregnancy affected their unborn babies; the researchers measured increases in baby’s heart rate and decreased cardiac output in foetuses when they are exposed to mobile phone’s radiation.²
‘The balance of evidence suggests that childhood leukaemia is associated with exposure to power frequency EMFs either during early life or pregnancy’
–Dr Michael Kundi
As many diseases have been discussed linked with EMR, one of strongest evidence is for the link to childhood leukaemia. Nancy Wertheimer published a ground breaking study showing a strong connection between childhood leukaemia and living in a high magnetic fields household. Further more studies, reviews and discussions have been put into this work, a large number of residential studies which support Wertheimer’s findings shows that an increased risk of childhood leukaemia at everyday levels of exposure to live near a high-voltage powerlines or sleeping near electrical equipment. Exposed children had leukemia rates that were double, triple or even four or five times higher than expected.
Fertility and reproduction
Another area which EMR affect potentially every family is fertility and reproduction. Over 5 million people in the US suffer from infertility. Many studies have linked everyday radiation exposure to lower fertility in both men and women, even though there is no ‘conclusive proof’ that EMR affect fertility, there’s already enough evidence of harm to suggest that taking precautions to reduce radiation exposure is necessary specially for new and intending parents.
In 2010, the European Science Foundation issued a report that at least 1 in 5 men is “subfertile” and that sperm count and quality has been dropping consistently in the developed world over last 20 years when cell phones become one of main communication tools in everyday life – men’s fertility falling up to 20-30% over the past decade alone.
Dr John Aitken is Laureate Professor in Biological Sciences at Australia’s University of Newcastle and the Director of the Centre for Reproductive Science. In the past decades he has published a number of studies in which he shown that mobile phone radiation reduced viability of sperm. In 2009, Professor and his team exposed sperm to a mobile phone signal of 1.8GHz (the typical frequency of 3G mobile phone signal), they found the sperm had reduced motility and vitality. The fact is mobile phone radiation caused the sperm’s mitochondria to leak electrons, which resulted in oxidation. Oxidation is associated with DNA damage and infertility.
For would-be fathers there is further caution. Many studies now shown that men who engage in high level of mobile phone use have reduced sperm quality and mobility and increased risk of infertility. It’s worth keeping it in mind that your sensitive reproductive organs maybe absorbing the radiation if you carry the phone in receiving mode below waist level.
Many researches found magnetic field associated with miscarriage. The greater their exposure, the greater the risk of miscarriage in the early pregnancy. Especially the type from video display terminals such as those in computers and televisions — to increased risk of miscarriage (Lee et al. 2002, Juutilainen et al. 1993, Lindbohm et al. 1992). Studies also show the link of power lines to miscarriage (Li et al. 2001, Robert et al. 1996).
A story told by Dr. Stephen Genuis of a 33 years old woman who want to expand her family. After two normal births, she suffered six miscarriages in a row which are all within first 3 months of pregnancy. In the desperation of find the answer, she measured the electromagnetic fields in her house. She found high fields in the basement where she worked 6 hours a day as a seamstress. At her sewing machine, the magnetic fields at 180mG, and at the head level, the fluorescent lights on the low ceiling at 140 mG. After she made some changed and reduced the exposure, she quickly conceived and produced a healthy baby.
1 Divan, H.A. et al., ‘Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioural Problems in Children’, Epidemiology 19(4), 2008, pp.523-29.
2 Rezk, A.Y. et all., ‘Fetal and Neonatal Responses Following Maternal Exposure to Mobile Phones’, Saudi Medical Journal 29(2), 2008,pp.218-23.
3McLean,Lyn, THE FORCE- living safely in a world of electromagnetic pollution, Victoria Australia, Scribe publications, 2011